A person who applies for an instrument rating must: Hold at least a current private pilot certificate or be concurrently applying for a private pilot certificate with an airplane, helicopter, or powered-lift rating appropriate to the instrument rating sought.
You must have logged the following: 50 hours of cross-country flight time as pilot in command. 10 of these hours must be in airplanes
40 hours of actual or simulated instrument time At least 15 hours of instrument flight training from an authorized instructor in the aircraft category for the instrument rating sought. One cross-country flight in an airplane that is performed under instrument flight rules. This flight must consist of: A distance of at least 250 nm along airways or ATC-directed routing. An instrument approach at each airport. Three different kinds of approaches with the use of navigation systems (Example: ILS, VOR, GPS, etc). At least 3 hours of instrument training that is appropriate to the instrument rating sought from an authorized instructor in preparation for the checkride within two calendar months before the examination date.
When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford